- Article II, Section 1 – Annenberg Classroom
- Three Branches of Government
- United States Constitution: How It's Organized
When two-thirds of the Senate and two-thirds of the House of Representatives vote to change the Constitution, an amendment goes to the state legislatures for a vote. Alternatively, two-thirds of the state legislatures can submit an application to Congress, and then Congress calls a national convention at which states propose amendments.
Three-fourths of the state legislatures or state conventions must vote in favor of an amendment to ratify it. Article VI states that Federal law is supreme, or higher than, state and local laws.
Article II, Section 1 – Annenberg Classroom
This means that if a state law conflicts with a Federal law, Federal law takes precedence. Article VII describes the ratification process for the Constitution. It called for special state ratifying conventions. Nine states were required to enact the Constitution. Rhode Island became the 13th state to ratify the Constitution in Back to Constitution main page How Did it Happen?
Top Skip to main content. The Constitution: What Does it Say? Article I. Article II.
Three Branches of Government
Article III. Article IV.
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United States Constitution: How It's Organized
From the Poster Collection. How It's Organized Although, not officially part of the Constitution, the introduction, or Preamble, explains the purpose of the Constitution and power of the government as originating from the people of the United States emphasized by the first three words, "We the People. Article I deals with the legislative branch of government Article II concerns the executive branch of government Article III establishes the Supreme Court as the highest judicial power in the United States Article IV defines the relationship between the states Article V describes the procedure for amending the Constitution Article VI declares itself, the Constitution, as "the supreme Law of the Land" Article VII ratifies the Constitution There have been twenty-seven amendments to the Constitution: The first ten amendments, the Bill of Rights, guarantee fundamental rights of individuals, including freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, speedy jury trial in criminal cases, right to bear arms, protection against excessive bail, and cruel and unusual punishment.